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Ownership, Control, Access and Possession (OCAP™): The Path to First Nations Information Governance

The principles of First Nations’ information governance

The First Nations principles of Ownership, Control, Access and Possession (OCAP®) are a set of standards that establish how First Nations data should be collected, protected, used, or shared. It is the de facto standard for conducting research on First Nations, and has grown beyond research to include the governance of all First Nations information. 

OCAP™ has been successfully applied in communities across Canada, as communities are increasingly asserting jurisdiction over their own data. Yet there are also many myths and barriers associated with OCAP™. One of the positive by-products of this has been the trademarking of OCAP™ through The First Nations Information Governance Centre. 

This paper reviews the origins and rationale for OCAP™, looking at some successful case studies, and considering where OCAP™ goes from here.


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