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Who are Canada’s Tech Workers?

Enhance your understanding of Canada’s tech workforce.

This report closely examines tech workers across Canada and seeks to shed light on Canada’s tech occupations and the diversity and equity within them. Adding almost 200,000 new jobs since 2016, Canada’s highly-skilled tech workers are becoming a major component of Canada’s workforce. Using brand new methodologies and powerful data visualizations, Who are Canada’s Tech Workers? looks to provide a clear and concise resource for anyone looking to learn more about Canada’s tech talent and its growing impact on our economy.

Canada’s tech talent is a vital engine of economic growth. In 2016, there were 935,000 tech workers in Canada, and this number is likely to grow. They tend to be highly educated and earn significantly higher salaries than the rest of the labour force. At first glance, tech workers are also diverse. They come from many different backgrounds and can be found working in cities and industries across Canada. In aggregate, visible minorities and immigrants participate in tech occupations at higher rates than their non-immigrant and White counterparts.

However, significant disparities exist. First, women are four times less likely to work in tech occupations than men, and even when they do they are paid substantially lower salaries. These differences persist across demographic groups. Second, despite high participation rates overall, visible minorities earn less than non-visible minorities in tech occupations and certain groups are notably underrepresented. Black workers have the lowest rates of participation and the lowest pay. Third, available data indicates that Indigenous Peoples are both underrepresented and paid less relative to non-Indigenous counterparts in tech occupations.

As Canada continues to bolster its tech economy, it has an opportunity to draw from a wider talent pool that is more reflective of Canada’s diversity, while also ensuring that different groups’ experience in tech is much more equal. Creating an environment in which people have access to, and are encouraged to participate and progress in tech occupations, regardless of who they are or where they live, is essential not only to promote greater inclusion and equity, but also to fuel the discovery new technological frontiers, to help Canada’s companies succeed, and to drive economic growth.

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